This brief paper outlines relationship law in brand New Zealand.


It identifies offshore jurisdictions where marriage that is same-sex either legal or being considered.

Brand Brand Brand New Zealand

A married relationship could be the formalisation of the relationship between a person and a lady, according to the Marriage Act 1955. In Quilter v Attorney General 1998 1 NZLR 523 the Court of Appeal held that the Act pertains to marriage between a person and a female only, and that this doesn’t represent discrimination. Underneath the Civil Union Act 2004 an union that is civil be entered into by partners of this same-sex or by partners of various sexes. “‘De facto partners’ have been in numerous crucial respects addressed in identical method as maried people and civil union couples”. 1

Marriages and unions that are civil – 2012

Through the quarter of 2005 to September 2012 there were 170,604 marriages registered june. These fluctuated between 23,918 in 2008 and 22,431 last year. Throughout the same duration there had been 2,870 civil unions registered in New Zealand (2012 numbers are provisional). The initial unions that are civil celebrated on 29 April 2005, and fluctuated between 430 in 2006 and 338 in 2010.

Mexico revised their civil rule to permit same-sex partners to marry in December 2009.

Developments in chosen jurisdictions

Commonwealth – Senate

Two personal people’ bills proposing amendments into the Marriage Act 1961 to permit same-sex wedding have actually been introduced into the Senate.

The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010 had been introduced on 29 2010 by Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young september. It proposes amending the Marriage Act 1961 in order for wedding is understood to be:

“the union of two different people, aside from their intercourse, intimate orientation or sex identification, into the exclusion of most other people, voluntarily joined into for life.”

The bill had been introduced to your Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee which reported straight back on 25 2012 june. The Committee suggested that the meaning of marriage within the bill ought to be amended to suggest “the union of a couple, to your exclusion of most other people, voluntarily joined into for life”. The Committee highly supported the balance and suggested so it be passed and debated into law utilizing the amendments recommended. The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2010 continues to be ahead of the Senate.

The Marriage Amendment Bill (No.2) 2012, introduced into the Senate on 10 September 2012, ended up being negatived at its 2nd reading.

Commonwealth – Home of Representatives

Two Private people’ bills had been introduced into the House of Representatives on 13 February 2012. The Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2012, introduced by Greens MP Adam Bandt aided by the help of Independent MP Andrew Wilkie, proposes substituting the same concept of wedding as proposed by the Senate bill on its introduction. The Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 had been introduced by work MP Stephen Jones. The thing of this Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 ended up being “to ensure access that is equal wedding for several adult couples regardless of intercourse that have a shared commitment to a provided life”. The bill proposed repealing the present concept of wedding into the Marriage Act and substituting the text that is following

“marriage means the union of adult single chat a couple, irrespective of their intercourse, towards the exclusion of all of the other people, voluntarily joined into for life.”

The Marriage Amendment Bill 2012 ended up being negatived at its 2nd reading on 19 September 2012.

The House Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs inquired into both the Marriage Equality Amendment Bill 2012 in addition to Marriage Amendment Bill 2012. The Committee reported straight straight back on 18 June 2012.

A married relationship Equality Bill had been introduced when you look at the Legislative Council of Southern Australia 15 February 2012 by Greens MP Tammy Franks. Premier Jay Weatherill announced their help for the bill in August.

On 4 August 2012, Tasmanian Premier Lara Giddings issued a news release saying that the Parliamentary work Party had announced “its support for legislation to give wedding equality for same-sex partners in Tasmania”. The Same-Sex Marriage Bill passed its 3rd reading in Tasmania’s home of Assembly on 30 August 2012 but was negatived into the Legislative Council the month that is following. A factsheet in the bill can be obtained.

Further reading

Mary Anne Neilsen Same-sex wedding Australian Parliamentary Library (February 2012).

Karina Anthony and Talina Drabsch Legal recognition of same-sex relationships New Southern Wales Parliamentary Library Research provider (June 2006).

England and Wales

In June 2012 the house workplace shut their Equal Civil Marriage Consultation in the Government’s proposals to allow same-sex couples to have a civil wedding. Present legislation permits same-sex partners to come right into a civil partnership although not marriage that is civil.

The main element proposals associated with the assessment had been:

  • to allow same-sex partners to own a civil marriage in other words. just civil ceremonies in a register workplace or authorized premises ( such as for instance a hotel)
  • to help make no changes to spiritual marriages. No spiritual organization will need to conduct same-sex spiritual marriages because of these proposals
  • to hold civil partnerships for same-sex couples and invite partners currently in a civil partnership to transform this into a wedding
  • civil partnership registrations on spiritual premises will stay as it is presently feasible for example. on a voluntary foundation for faith teams along with no content that is religious
  • people will, when it comes to first-time, find a way legitimately to improve their sex and never have to end their wedding.

In July 2012 the Scottish Government announced its intention to legislate to permit marriage that is same-sex. A draft bill for assessment was posted later on when you look at the 12 months.

The Scottish Government’s consultation on same-sex wedding therefore the registration of civil partnership went between 2 September and 9 December 2011.

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